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The State of Arizona is also known as the Grand Canyon State
The State of Arizona is also known as the Grand Canyon State and it is the most amazing and intriguing 48th State, situated in the south western region of the United States of America. With a population of 6,392,017 (according to the 2010 Census), this topographical spectacular Canyon land with its capital city as Phoenix, is endowed with rivers, valleys, national parks, cattle, cactus and sunshine.
Historical significance of the State of Arizona
History signifies that Arizona has always been the land of the Navajo and Hopi Indians since time unknown. In 1539, Arizona paved the way for its first visitor, a Franciscan reverend named Marcos de Niza, who was later followed by numerous missionaries of Spanish origin, to spread Christianity amongst the Indians. But from 1848, after the Mexican war against Spain, Arizona came under the United States terrain. Since then fortune hunters, farmers, traders, explorers and various kinds of travelers from the West came here to change their destiny. Till 1886, the scenario was like some wild western movie with revolting Indians, the battling army, the foreigners, forts, wars, etc. But after stabilization of this eventful past, it was discovered that the land had rich deposits of valuable minerals like gold, silver, copper, etc., which attracted many to the State of Arizona like honeybees.
Due to the lushness of this enchanted land, this place started getting crowded with farmers, shepherds, cattle grazers and miners who tried to fight with each other for their territorial rights. The United States Marshals helped to get law and orderliness into this prosperous land thus passing Arizona to join the Union as the 48th state of United States of America on 14th February, 1912. The name Arizona is coined from the word ‘arizonac’ (in Papago Indian), meaning “abode of young spring”. Also, the climate here is very dry and hot, therefore the land seems arid, hence some people say its name derived through the expression “arid zone”.
Beautiful and natural wonders of the State of Arizona
Arizona has many stunning, exclusive, picturesque and significant places to visit. Here are a few of them…
The Grand Canyon
This spectacular marvel of nature is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This sizable gash of earth is 217 miles long, 4 to 18 miles wide and a mile deep with the turbulent River Colorado flowing at its feet. The canyons are lavishly spread with enthralling waterfalls and captivating bluish green water pools. The sparkling and glistening glass like marble formations is called the Marble Canyon and the intense flaring orange stone magnificent formation is known as the Flaming Gorge.
National Parks and Monuments
Grand Canyon and Petrified Forest are the two remarkable National parks in Arizona and the historical monuments include Pipe Spring, Chiricahua, Tumacacor Mission, Rainbow Bridge, Saguaro and Organ Pipe cactus forest, Sunset Crater, etc.
The other wonders include Jerome town, Oak Creek, Superstition Mountain, Apache Trail, Coronado Trail, Glen Canyon Dam, Mount Lemmon, etc.
It is illegal to deny anyone a glass of water or to keep a donkey in the bathtub. You need to serve 25 years of imprisonment if you chop a cactus. No wonder the State of Arizona is one of the most fascinating of all the American states.
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